Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Biosphere Reserve (GOMBR)Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Tamil Nadu 623503
Covering a massive area of 15,000 sq kms of ocean, islands and the adjoining coastline. The GOMBR holds 21 islands holding coral reef areas, sea grass meadows, shallow water habitats and other fragile Eco-systems of the Gulf of Mannar.
Geographically located between southeastern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka, the Gulf of Mannar is a reservoir for biosphere reserve, marine sanctuary and activities.
Marine National Park:
The extravaganza of the Gulf of Mannar Marine Park is can be envisioned across southeastern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka.560 sq.kms from Rameswaram to Thoothukudi lying within the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve covering an area of 10,500 sq kms on the south-east coast of India, covering the coasts of Rameswaram, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari.
The Gulf of Mannar Marine Park also has the moniker as the first Marine Biosphere Reserve in South East Asia and one of the world’s richest regions from the marine perspective. Talking about the riches of the reserve, it comprises 21 islands with estuaries, mudflats, beaches, forests of the near shore environment, including marine constituents like algae, sea grasses, coral reefs, salt marshes and mangroves.
A Pearl Bank Indeed
Pearl fishing has always been a part of Gulf of Mannar. The pearl banks of Pinctada radiata and Pinctada fucata are better known for pearl fishing for atleast 2000 years.
The reserve holds more than 3600 species of marine organisms. Pemphis acidula, Enhalus acuroidus and ptychodera flura are few of the notably endemic organisms.
- Corals – 117 Species
- Mangroves – 13 Species
- Echinoderms – 100 Species
- Molluscans – 460 Species
- Sea Grasses – 12 Species
- Birds – 217 Species
The Gulf of Mannar is one of the important sighting places of dolphins and whales.